Video for my recent Boston Globe story

Uploaded on this post is video for my recent Boston Globe story:

It seemed like a minor adjustment. To comply with the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruling that legalized gay marriage in 2003, the state Registry of Vital Records and Statistics said it needed to revise its birth certificate forms for babies born to same-sex couples. The box for “father” would be relabeled “father or second parent,’’ reflecting the new law.

But to then-Governor Mitt Romney, who opposed child-rearing by gay couples, the proposal symbolized unacceptable changes in traditional family structures.

He rejected the Registry of Vital Records plan and insisted that his top legal staff individually review the circumstances of every birth to same-sex parents. Only after winning approval from Romney’s lawyers could hospital officials and town clerks across the state be permitted to cross out by hand the word “father’’ on individual birth certificates, and then write in “second parent,’’ in ink…


The practice of requiring high-level legal review continued for the rest of Romney’s term, despite a warning from a Department of Public Health lawyer who said such a system placed the children of same-sex parents at an unfair disadvantage.

Crossouts and handwritten alterations constituted “violations of existing statutes’’ and harmed “the integrity of the vital record-keeping system,’’ the deputy general counsel of the department, Peggy Wiesenberg, warned in a confidential Dec. 13, 2004, memo to Mark Nielsen, Romney’s general counsel.

The changes also would impair law enforcement and security efforts in a post-9/11 world, she said, and children with altered certificates would be likely to “encounter [difficulties] later in life . . . as they try to register for school, or apply for a passport or a driver’s license, or enlist in the military, or register to vote.”

The video I am now putting up is for this portion of the story:

The next month, Romney delivered remarks before the Senate Judiciary Committee in Washington in which he decried the state Supreme Judicial Court’s ruling and its effect on child-rearing. He outlined his misgivings about the request from the Registry of Vital Records.

“The children of America have the right to have a father and a mother,’’ Romney said in his prepared remarks. “What should be the ideal for raising a child? Not a village, not ‘parent A’ and ‘parent B,’ but a mother and a father.’’

Romney also warned about the societal impact of gay parents raising children. “Scientific studies of children raised by same-sex couples are almost nonexistent,’’ he said. “It may affect the development of children and thereby future society as a whole.’’

Romney expressed similar beliefs during a speech in 2005 to socially conservative voters in South Carolina, as he was beginning to be viewed as a serious candidate for president.

“Some gays are actually having children born to them,’’ he declared. “It’s not right on paper. It’s not right in fact. Every child has a right to a mother and father.’’

Video of Romney’s remarks in Spartanburg, South Carolina and his testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee can be found here:

A truncated video clip of Romney’s remarks in South Carolina is here:

Earlier, also in the Boston Globe, “No mention of ‘Bisexual’, “Transgender’ Under Romney,” June 12, 2012.

– Murray Waas

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    textile industry, and might be a simple woven fabric, felt, or mesh.

    Why? Well, with the information highway and mass media, we are faced with environmental issues whether we like it or not.
    And that keeps us wanting to improve ourselves. If you are afraid of being seen with these newer reusable bags, then you should look toward the
    fashion reusable bags. Fashion designers have seen a whole industry in this new
    concept and provide those who want to keep up with their looks with something that will suit them.

    In connection with the afore-mentioned erosion, non-woven fabrics tend to be more helpful for
    this. Although it doesn’t contain the same structural reliability on account of being non-woven, it
    still produces a great solution for managing different soil conditions.
    Given that there are little holes all through the fabric, it permits water and small particles to move through, while still retaining silt, dirt, or sand.
    Due to their fragility they are more inclined to rip, however if you’re searching for an inexpensive strategy to control a building
    environment, they are beneficial.

    Don’t forget to water as soon as you have finished planting all the seeds.
    It is recommended that you use a watering can containing water with an appropriate quantity of liquid plant food, and use it as if it were water falling gently from the sky onto your garden patch.

    The power of consumers is beyond each individual’s understanding.
    The truth is, as consumers we have a lot to say, often showing in weather
    an item is purchased or not. That’s why it’s
    important to know a product before you spend your money on it.
    In trusting in the system alone isn’t enough because
    the product could have a direct impact on your health and
    the environment, as well as others. Having said that, taking advantage of woven polypropylene will prove to be quite beneficial in your life.

    You can do it all from the comfort of your office. As mentioned above, almost all suppliers
    have their online websites, so you can browse them online, and place order with your preferred supplier.
    Now, this is not a difficult task. Once you choose a supplier/manufacturer, you can contact it personally, and talk about
    your requirements.
    There are simply no hassles.
    Aqua supplies the rail industry with a comprehensive range of
    Railway Drainage systems. Visit us at website if it is about Terram PW1.

    The main attribute to this fabric is reinforcement. Soil
    is not the strongest base to build upon and so layering this material on top of it
    adds strength. This works well for sand dune type coastal areas
    that are especially susceptible to erosion.

    The second case of how geosynthetic textiles can give solutions for civil engineering issues is the
    polyester woven geotextile mat. It is made from a high constancy polyester
    fiber which is profoundly thick. This specific geosynthetic textile has been utilized to fortify delicate ground and embankments, separate layers of sand and delicate ground, keep the uneven settlement of
    delicate ground, and securing a safe way of traverse delicate ground.

    If you’ve planted some bush beans, you’ve not only saved some ground space but you’ve also acquired an early harvest.
    Bush beans are usually among the first ready to
    be eaten. If you don’t eat them right away, you can always refrigerate them for later use.
    You can prepare the beans for storage by cutting off the ends,
    pulling the strings, breaking them into one inch pieces, and rinsing them in a
    colander before placing them in the fridge.

    But once the forces of nature threaten to destroy the beach, the units
    go into action. They can preserve the sand that is on the beach and minimal erosion will
    take place.
    Another great point about using HESCO® units
    as spill equipment is that they can be installed quickly.
    Two people can put the units up in as little as 20 minutes.
    A time-saving method of providing beach protection is appealing
    to property owners because storms and oil spills can come up on a beach fast.From allowing drainage around retaining walls to help build a firm
    foundation for roads and railroads, the uses of Geotextiles is endless.
    You can find a fabric to help you in almost any construction project by adding stability and strength.

    Another one illustration of geosynthetic textiles aiding with civil
    engineering issues is the polyester needle punched nonwoven geotextile.
    It is regularly made of persistent fiber to advertise quick waste and filtration. It has been utilized to help prevent landslides, secure waterproof layers in landfills, control erosion on banks,
    avoid street following, and ensure waterproof sheets and passages.

    2. Ornamental mulch – This enhances the landscape along
    pathways and the entire yard. It blends with house colors and decors.
    Using permeable barrier membranes, wood chip and gravel, this will prevent the sinkage of
    the soil.

    It is more than evident that the woven polypropylene bag is the solution in order
    to give the planet a break, and allow future generations
    to live a normal life. It’s great, but still way too many people often neglect to bring their bags with them as they are left
    at home or in their vehicles. Then they just turn to buying more plastic bags.

    But, on the upside, people have come around to the concept.

    Undermining is another type that is considered a more controllable.
    A quicker method of demolition, undermining takes the important
    supports around the base and is able to destroy them and have the building collapse in a direction that
    is ideal.

    Firstly, it’s recommended that material be
    obtained from within the site of your landscape development.
    In case, you have to bring in imported soil, you would need to
    have written approval. However, this imported fill would necessitate external
    testing and certification even before it’s delivered
    on to the site. This is meant to prevent introduction of deleterious material such as weeds,
    vegetation, building waste, debris, rock and asbestos.
    Obviously such unwanted material would not only be unsightly,
    but also potentially hazardous.

    Take note that you should follow the appropriate Australian Standards in spreading out and compacting of structural fill.

    You should never ever use topsoil, vegetation debris, rock, developing waste and rock
    floaters as filling. Therefore, you have to make sure
    that earthworks including removal of unwanted materials such as
    excavated rocks comply with the requisite Environmental Management Plan.

    Another aspect of using a geotextile is that you need to install the material by
    an expert. Do not forget to know the required details from the installer.
    If you have any enquiry, you can immediately clarify it
    by asking the question. Always look for the warranty period
    of the product. If you find any problem during the span of the warranty then immediately contact the
    company. They will repair or remove the disturbing material from the geocomposite drainage system.
    Always try to purchase any geocomposite product from an authentic company.

    This will help you to solve the related problems in future.

    Typically constructed of hardened precast concrete or kiln-fired clay, concrete interlocking pavers are the modern-day answer to
    the segmental roadways built by the ancient
    Minoans and Romans. The old world beauty and charm that are created with concrete interlocking pavers often result in the long-term
    benefits of this paving system being overlooked.

    Construction of roads have witnessed shift from natural materials to manmade products.
    In ancient era, natural fibers, fabrics and vegetation were used to construct
    roads and their edges as they were responsible for improving the quality of the road.
    In addition to this varied composition of soil
    were mixed and used to mend roads. While natural materials enhanced the quality of the roads, by
    making them firmer. Past era faced the problem of decomposition,
    as steep slopes were constructed using materials which can be acted over by the microorganisms.

    Besides, bio-degradation of soil made way for polymers, as they are stable and are not easily affected by the environmental conditions.

    With tremendous growth in the various industrial sectors, there has been a
    huge demand of various industrial products. Geosynthetic products like the
    geotextiles, geogrids, geonets, geomembranes, geobags, gabions, and many more are
    widely demanded in the market due to the unmatched
    quality and unsurpassable performance. These products are ideally designed to meet the varied needs of different industrial sectors.
    These are also available in customized sizes and dimensions meeting the specifications
    provided by the buyers. As these products are considered beneficial in geotechnical and environmental engineering design,
    these have earned popularity worldwide.

    The fabrics can be a great tool when it comes to landscaping.
    Erosion control blankets allow a person to plant on a steep hillside or in an area with soil damage.
    The blankets hold the soil in place to allow plants
    to take root in the area. Once the plants have rooted in place,
    the blankets eventually degrade, leaving only the plants.

    With the permeability of these fabrics, they can be very
    useful in the construction and maintenance of landfills.
    The fabric can help stabilize the soils around the landfill while allowing the
    water to move through it. Also they are useful in the drainage canals or ditches to help prevent further erosion.Purchasing a good quality of product from a certified company not
    only keeps the drainage system in a proper way, but also stops the effect of
    soil erosion. The ecofreindliy materials of the
    product give an effect of Ground stabilization. If you are
    looking for effective materials to stop the
    erosion of soils then you may search for the
    list of various companies.

    Also, the cost in labor can be greatly reduced because property owners will not have
    to spend as much paying laborers to install the units
    as they would if it were 1,500 flood sandbags, the equivalent to a 30-foot tier
    of the HESCO® units.
    One of the oil spill clean up companies that is utilizing
    the HESCO® units as spill equipment is Integrated Protection Systems.
    They specialize in protecting beaches and will
    use their expertise to assist you if you need to protect your beach.
    For more, log on to website Spill Equipment Helps Beaches

    These garden roofs are more decorative as they have deeper
    soils which can support a greater variety of plants.
    However, the increased soil depth makes these types of roof
    garden more heavy, so a sound structure is require to support them.
    They combine the relatively low maintenance
    of extensive living roofs with a more appealing appearance.

    When geotextiles are being used in the sea or on river beds
    (as most are) it requires divers to place by hand anchors along the material to keep it underwater.

    HDPE geotextiles can be doubled up and used as
    reinforced material and to help strengthen underwater rises and sloping areas.

    Civil engineering has used these fabrics for years as an integral part of adding structural integrity to a number of products and, with new technologies, will no doubt grow in use and importance.
    With future issues of weather being predicted on the horizon, finding a way to deal with
    any and all variables will be more important than ever.

    Replace your Standard Light Bulbs with CFL’s – Yes, you’ve heard this one
    before. Perhaps you thought those spiral-looking compact fluorescent light bulbs were unattractive…
    or maybe you didn’t like the type of light they gave off.

    Guess what? Those excuses are empty now, as new CFL technology
    has created bulbs that look identical to standard incandescent bulbs and that give off much
    whiter, cleaner light than ever before. CFL’s will save you incredible amounts on electric bills because
    they use 75% less electricity than standard bulbs and give off 75% less heat also!

    Compact fluorescent bulbs have a lifetime that’s 8 or 10 times as long as
    a regular light bulb, and in almost all cases pay for themselves in energy savings over the bulb’s lifetime.
    For homeowners looking to go green and save energy,
    the installation of CFL’s is a given in the world of efficiency and home improvement.

    * Helps moderate the soil temperature.
    * Enhances the growth of fruit and vegetables planted.

    * Retains moisture during dry weather, which reduces the need for watering.

    * Reduces weed growth.
    * Natural mulches can improve the structure of the soil.

    As mulch decays, the material becomes topsoil, while adding
    nutrients into the soil.
    * Enhances the beauty of the exterior of your home by
    adding color and uniformity.
    * Can prevent trees and shrubs from getting
    damaged by lawn equipment.

    The first step you need to take on is to remove or demolish your
    current walkway, driveway, or patio of whatever is their now, and prep the area for your pavers.
    Whether it is grass, a rotted wood deck, a drab slab
    of grey concrete or cracked and fractured stamped colored concrete, it needs to be removed and the soil
    excavated and leveled to a proper depth for your outdoor home improvement project.
    Areas with increased weight requirements such as a car, truck or RV will
    require deeper excavation of the dirt and additional base installation. While excavating
    the area of your project be sure to dig to an even level.

    Often times this provides problems for those without equipment like a bobcat and
    can be EXTREMELY time consuming and labor intensive if all you have at your disposal is
    a couple of shovels and a wheelbarrow. Don’t forget about the excavated
    soil, where are you going to put all of that dirt? A dump truck is
    usually required to haul off the dirt and debris to the landfill.

    More and more communities are encouraging their residents to plant roof gardens.
    The environmental and psychological benefits are numerous.
    Not only is gardening a calming and relaxing
    activity, which can reduce stress related illnesses, it also
    has great benefits for the environment. Building a rood garden on your home or apartment building decrease storm
    water runoff, reduce fire risks, help decrease heating
    and cooling costs and can protect your roof from the effects of ultra-violet light and frost.

    There are various companies in the manufacturing and
    supplying of Terram PW1, however you should do a detailed
    market-research before you point your finger on a particular supplier.

    Many of manufacturers/suppliers have their own websites where they enlist their products and services.It may seem
    impossible to protect the beaches, but new spill equipment that is
    now on the market has proven to effectively stop the destruction of
    beaches and wildlife once an oil spill occurs.
    One of these new inventions is the HESCO® Concertainer® unit.

    With a welded mesh framework coated with Alu-Zinc along with geotextile materials,
    the HESCO® units act as an earth-filled gabion that becomes a wall of strength once filled with dirt, sand,
    crushed rock or granular materials.

    Now that the foundations for the brick walkways or interlocking driveways are put into place, the “easy” part is next.
    At this point, the term “easy” is relative. During this process there
    is one major advantage to having a professional contractor rather
    than doing it yourself, it is the fitment or cutting in the paving stones.
    If the walkway is a single squared segment, that is designed to fit the exact dimensions
    of the pavers, then the installation should be easy.

    However a creative advantage of interlocking paver motif is to create a design with curves, turns and imbedded patterns.
    These aspects of your project can become very
    tricky and most will require the craftsmanship of a professional.

    Erosion problems have been with us since man first learned
    how to cultivate the land he lived in. Fortunately, many solutions have been produced since that time.

    One such solution is the use of woven geotextiles.
    Woven geotextiles are a permanent fabric to assist
    in the retention of soil in many different situations.
    Their purpose is to provide a porous foundation for separating particles of
    varying sizes. Another use is to allow moisture to penetrate the material, but restrict plant life
    from starting.

    One of the main considerations when planning a roof garden is the
    roof itself. While flat roofs lend themselves the best to roof gardens, it is also possible
    to green pitched, barreled and domed roofs. An easy access
    to the roof is also important as I am sure you would not be able to enjoy your roof garden as much if you have to climb a ladder every time
    you want to look at it. The roof must able be able to support heavy loads.
    Wet soil can weight about eighty pounds per square foot.

    The most dangerous of the types is known as implosion.
    As the name implies the building’s structure made to implode into itself which minimizes damage to nearby buildings.
    This process is usually used as a last resort because of the very long setup and clean-up time
    and the fact it is a high safety risk. Explosives are usually only set on a few floors but the glass is taken out of an entire building because of the possibility
    in dangerous projectiles. Each floor setup with explosives also must be covered in a
    thick geotextile fabric and fencing to catch flying debris when the building
    falls in on itself.

    Upon removal of the surface material and the soil, dug to the required depth, a woven geotextile fabric must be installed over the excavated area and under the aggregate rock foundation.
    A geotextile is a permeable landscape fabric made out of plastic that is designed to allow the flow of water yet
    restrict the migration of the foundation base rock into the native clay soil.
    For example, the typical gravel road will develop ruts and
    undulations when the soil beneath becomes wet. The
    soil will act as a sponge and absorb the gravel affecting
    the surface and creating uneven depressions. Geotextile fabric will prevent this from
    occurring and protect your installation. Make sure to use a
    woven geotextile because they are engineered for heavy high traffic

    In situations that existing trees are kept within the site, security measures should be used.
    Such defense measures include (based on the Australian Standard AS4970 – Protection of Trees on Development Sites)

    With many places becoming more green, the newest type of
    demolition becoming popular is called deconstruction. The
    opposite of construction, this type takes the building apart slowly and piece by piece.
    Not only is this safe but is also the most environmentally sound, re-using material for other
    projects and reducing the waste that goes into landfills.

    These are temporary covers that are used until the soil is ready to be used again or
    put back to where it came from.
    Sometimes the woven geotextiles are used as a filter to assist with separating out the fine
    particles from the larger materials. Occasionally, the material can become clogged and needs
    to be replaced and the fine materials are redistributed or disposed of.

    There are several other manufacturers (of Terram PW1) as well.
    A few minutes of online research will help you come across numerous manufacturers/suppliers.

    Browse as many suppliers as you can and then, contact the supplier which could match your
    expectations in the best manner possible.
    However, make sure that you choose a reliable supplier and not a new entrant in the
    industry. A reliable and professional supplier gives you better quality products at better prices.

    There is simply no need to move out of your office and look for a supplier.Let’s face it, interlock paving could be the best way to enhance the curb appeal of your home,
    and unless you have infinite time and money to devote to
    the project, you are going to want your installation done right the first time.
    If you’re still up for it let us take a look at what is required
    to get the interlocking concrete paving stone project you desire.

    Manual is used on small buildings, such as a
    house, and is considered the simpler and safest
    way to do a job. Often times manual and mechanical are mixed because of close
    relation to each other. Manual relies on the building being pulled down,
    often with machinery.

    * Newspapers – These are whole 8 sheet thick papers that go together with weed-tops, including straws
    that hold and compost in order to suppress weeds on vegetable plots.
    This becomes a paper mash that can be forked and added as organic matter for the soil.

    Oil that washed upon shore will meet the units first before the sandy beaches.
    The units can be placed a little off shore,
    so the oil has no chance of even ruining one
    grain of sand. They can be joined together with the
    use of pins to form miles of protection from oil spills.

    Besides development of enhanced durability of JGT, it is equally important to set widely acceptable
    testing standard for these materials. Currently, in absence of any such recognized testing standard, the ASTM, BS,
    DIN or ISO methods of testing usually employed for synthetic Geotextiles are most commonly adopted for the determination of the properties of JGT.
    Apparently there seems to be no reason why the standards used for synthetic
    Geotextiles should not be applicable for JGTs. However, as the industry gains further
    momentum and use of JGT gets wider acceptance, the issue may
    be settled based on technical and construction experiences.

    The next layer is a compacted aggregate base.
    This layer is composed of various sizes of gravel that are compacted to form a sturdy base.
    Bedding sand is next and is usually laid to a depth of one inch.

    Edge restraints need to be in place before you can lay the paving
    stones. Edge restraints are the border that holds the pavers together.

    To dig a trench, a piece of equipment needed
    is known as trencher. There are different sizes of trench
    digging tools or machinery, from walk-behind
    models, attachments for a tractor or skid loader or to heavy tracked engineering vehicles.
    Apart from the sizes, the types of trench digging tools or machinery to
    be used are chosen based on the required size and hardness of
    the trench digging tools or machinery.

    Heard about Aqua? – Aqua is a reliable and experienced company.
    It really pays when you have a reliable and experienced company by your side.
    Since 1978, this company has been supplying the rail
    industry with a comprehensive range of drainage systems.
    Aqua is a leader in its own field and aims to come-up with
    the best for its customers. It is a name you can trust upon.

    The primary instance of a geosynthetic textile application is the utilization of a pre- assembled
    pocket style vertical channel produced using a nonwoven channel jacket
    particular as a PVD channel material. This product is purposely produced to diminish the time
    required for development by rapidly releasing water in the
    ground which accelerates the soil strengthening procedure.

    In general, it demonstrated to diminish the time and speed of construction of soft
    ground in diverse circumstances including the development of building sites,
    bank revetment, road construction and construction of oil and
    gas storage facilities.

    Organic mulch can act as a leaf mold It can be used as a
    base for composting seeds. By gathering fall leaves inside a bag
    and leaving it to rot will eventually help add nutrients to the soil.

    Pine needles and lawn cuttings can retain soil moisture.
    For “no dig gardening”, farmyard manure is best applied in roses, pumpkins and cucumber
    among others, especially during the spring or late winter seasons.

    Other types used include straw, hay, weeds, green tops,
    and garden composts.

    After the cutting, hand placement of the paving stones, the edge restraint
    built and border secured, you are on your way to the last step, installing the jointing
    sand. The pavers are bonded together by sweeping sand into the surface joints and compacting the sand with a vibratory plate compactor until
    all the voids are filled with the clean washed sand.
    This allows the interlocking pavers to have a tight seal while still maintaining their flexibility and

    There are so many excellent qualities about
    using interlocking brick or concrete paving
    including the ability to create any color and pattern imaginable,
    increased living space, increase in curb appeal, beauty
    in form and function, and the ability to walk on it immediately after it’s completely installed there is no waiting for the surface to cure.
    The benefits are only limited by your abilities to imagine,
    design and install your paver project.

    Demolition is another important part of building, but doing it
    in a controlled manner can prove difficult. Coupling this material with steel enforcements can contain even the most explosive events.
    A safe implosion of a building is the result of
    precision and the right structural materials.For the last four decades, Geo-synthetics have been increasingly used in environmental and geotechnical engineering.
    In last few decades, a more prominent emphasis has been set on the improvement and manufacturing of geo-synthetic textiles.
    Significant number of geosynthetic applications and types are there utilized in environmental
    and geotechnical engineering. Geocells, Geogrids and Geotextiles are some common types of geosynthetics widely used for soil reinforcement.
    As these are manufactured materials, developments and innovations in the engineering plastic and polymers industries have been continuously incorporated in improving relevant engineering properties and geosynthetic products of these materials.

    The next layer is a geotextile fabric. Geotextile fabrics are permeable which have the ability to filter, reinforce,
    protect or drain the soil underneath. When used with pavers, this layer helps
    to drain water and helps protect against erosion; especially when paving on a hill or slope.

    You want the edges of your concrete interlocking pavers held firmly in place so that
    over time they do not start to separate. Finally you can lay the paving stones, leaving a small gap
    in between the stones. Compacting them pushes them into the bedding sand and helps to stabilize the stones
    before the final layer; which is to add joint sand over the entire surface, compact them again with a vibrating
    plate to fill all the joints and gaps. This procedure creates interlock.

    When building new projects or repairing old ones be sure
    to consider the uses of geotextiles. These multifaceted fabrics
    can help in a variety of projects to add strength and drainage.
    Many projects can be stronger or longer lasting with the addition of these

    It is a geotextile product called ‘Growth Matt’ which provides
    a solid stabilising structure much in the nature of a garden bed,
    as it allows vegetation to establish and grow through
    its panels. The area would have to be suitable
    for appropriate vegetation growth if this particular style
    of geotextile is to be used. Each situation would need to be assessed in consultation with a
    qualified installer as it involves a technique of pumping the geotextile fabric with grout.

    There is undoubtedly geosynthetic textiles will keep
    on assuming a more prominent part in discovering
    workable solutions for civil engineering issues over
    the globe. As their creation keeps on scaling, costs will diminish which will prompt
    expand in accessibility and additionally further innovative work.

    There are several other manufacturers (of Terram PW1) as well.
    A few minutes of online research will help you come across
    numerous manufacturers/suppliers. Browse as many suppliers as you can and then, contact the supplier which could match your
    expectations in the best manner possible. However, make sure that
    you choose a reliable supplier and not a new entrant in the industry.
    A reliable and professional supplier gives you better quality products at better
    prices. There is simply no need to move out of your office and look for a
    supplier. You can do it all from the comfort of your office.
    As mentioned above, almost all suppliers have
    their online websites, so you can browse them online, and place
    order with your preferred supplier. Now, this
    is not a difficult task. Once you choose a supplier/manufacturer, you can contact it personally,
    and talk about your requirements. There are simply no hassles.

    There are only a handful of ways to have a building demolished.

    These range from the dangerous and showy implosion type to the newer and more environmentally friendly deconstruction. The five
    different types of demolition vary but can be mixed in order to make
    the process more safe.

    But our survival and adaption are not just limited to offerings by
    nature, but our brains keep on inventing things which make us advantageous and aid us
    to be more adaptable. Nature’s offerings nurture environment
    and do not pollute it. But, at the same time, one
    cannot ignore the limitations which have made to
    look for the man made alternatives. At the same time care is taken about the polluting nature of man made materials.

    Make sure you install a waterproof membrane to avoid ending up with a wet ceiling.
    The two most commonly used materials are thermoplastic sheeting or rubberized asphalt.
    As I am certain that you will not want to dig up your garden to replace the membrane every few
    years, make sure you select a product that is extremely durable.

    The next layer should be a filter sheet that will allow the moisture to drain off the
    roof while ensure that the fine material do
    not escape. Next comes the moisture blanket which will ensure that an extensive
    live roof garden has enough moisture to support life. Commercial ones can be purchased however it is also possible to use cardboard or old blankets to the same effect.

    For a simple and quick answer to the matter of erosion control, geotextile fabrics were engineered in the 1950′s.
    As an alternative to building massive wooden structures to suppress
    dirt, these fabrics were fitted to assist in keeping worksites unobstructed, and newly defoliated spots from deteriorating.
    These geotextiles can be placed horizontally under or on soil, or
    they can be staked upright very similar to a fence.
    They could be placed beneath the soil to help separate newly planted garden beds
    from undesirable insects or weeds. When secured upright,
    this fabric can be utilized as a silt filter, to restrain sand dunes, or to protect areas known for flooding from landslides
    or additional environmental erosion.These types of fabrics have many other uses along with the production of
    Nonwoven shopping bags. These fabrics are used in the production of baby used materials and
    diapers. These also used in the production of bandage
    and dressings of some special kinds. As they are easily disposable so are also used in the production of daily useable things of household, like disposable
    bath and face towels and footwear. These types of fabrics also used in medical field to provide more facilities to human in the recovery of their body.
    These may also be used in manufacturing of caps and packing.

    Trenchers may be combined with a geotextile feeder unit or drainage pipe and backfill hopper.
    This is to save more time by placing the drain or textile and filling in the trench
    at simultaneously. The earliest trench digging device or machine was built in the 1940s and it was based on Fordson tractor unit known as rotapeds.

    Manufacturers of trenchers include Bobcat, Case, Howard, Allen, Barth,
    Vermeer and Eagle Wheel Trenchers. The above manufacturers sell not only the whole vehicle, but also attachments to be attached in other types of vehicles.
    There are new and used trenchers available on the market.

    When thinking about the strongest materials in the world, many people automatically think of metals like steel.
    In reality strength involves more than raw materials, an example of
    which can be found in spider webs which are orders of magnitude stronger than steel.
    Fabrics have also shown their own level of strength and have been adapted to
    be used in all types of civil engineering. Geotextile fabric is an important part of
    any construction project that builds upon soil.

    What is Geocomposite drainage?
    Geocomposite materials are mainly used for Geocomposite drainage system.
    The main feature of this type of drainage system includes the polymer coated drainage system which is later on protected by geotextile.The use of geotextile is worked as a filter
    and also a separator of the neighbouring material.

    Building involves working with the environment to make
    a stable base. For many projects, soil is the underlying environment through which construction must find stability and so there needs
    to be a way to reinforce it. Depending on the particular project there are three types of geotextiles to choose from including needle punched, woven, and
    heat bonded.

    In the world of geotextiles, there are two significant kinds of fabric woven fabric and non-woven fabric.

    The woven cloth is composed of large strands of polypropylene interwoven together similar to a cloth made from fibers such
    as cotton or linen. Non-woven geotextiles are a sort compromised of a solid sheet of
    plastic with a plethora of pinprick holes all throughout.

    These two textiles are usually put to use
    for different applications. The woven textile is used as a powerful barrier between different
    soil varieties. It is effective at splitting gravel from dirt.
    With no geotextile placed over dirt, the gravel is at risk of mixing.
    In the event the rain arrives, little pockmarks
    and pools are created that blend the dirt and gravel together.
    However, by having a geotextile in place, this stable weave of plastic fibers handle various soil
    conditions without tearing, yet allows water to flow through.

    Structures like retaining walls can cause some of the damage they were built to
    prevent. If there is no drainage system in place, the
    water can wash away the soil at the top of the wall.
    If the wall is built with the fabric in place, then the water has a place to move without causing damage.

    3.Geosynthetic clay liners Basically used as rolls equipped with layers of bentonite
    clay, Geosynthetic clay liners are used positioning between geotextiles.
    The liners are placed in closeness with the polymeric products and
    natural oils.

    That is why concrete slabs can crack and break over time. Other
    factors that cause concrete slabs to break are shrinkage,
    soil expansion, and frost heaving of the sub-grade layer.
    Fiber reinforcement and rebar can add to the strength of concrete, but even that will not eliminate the inevitability of cracking and breaking.

    2.Geogrids One of the most fast growing division, goegrids is fabricated in open and grid like design. These grids
    are used in mineral aggregate fills in layer form along with
    other suitable soil. They are not woven or knitted fabrics.

    The filaments of non woven geotextiles are
    wider than the woven variety and are constructed by shortened or in some cases unbroken strands which are carded before
    being punched or heat-bonded. Non woven geotextiles
    can be used as soil filters and also as upright drains when constructed in a
    pipe-like shape.

    Mechanical consists of using machines to get the job completed such as; bulldozers,
    cranes, and excavators. One of the more common pieces of equipment used in this type is the
    wrecking ball. This is usually used for very large buildings that have a strong structure.
    All of these consist of battering the building into pieces.Interlock paving stones are
    similar to a jigsaw puzzle in the way they fit together. This type of project differs from, installing something like tile
    which requires a nonflexible surface and mortar,
    because of the bonding component (sand), interconnecting process (friction) and fitment of the stone in addition to the
    construction required prior to the installation of the
    stones. There is much more work involved in the correct process than putting some paver stones on the dirt and walking away.
    All worthwhile though, when complete, pavers will provide a flexible and durable surface that will last a lifetime.

    Your landscaping will be simple and reasonably priced if you opt for stable
    polypropelyne woven textiles. Take into account that the edges of the fabric will likely be frayed on account
    of being cut from a bigger roll, so get just a bit more than you
    will need. After you have installed the fabric you may work with a blow torch
    to melt the frayed ends, and your geotextiles will preserve your project from soil or erosion.

    Terram PW1 is a high strength geotextile, primarily used in the rail industry.

    It works as an ideal alternative to sub-ballast.
    It is used as a filter separator between ballast and subgrade.
    And for granular soils, this high strength geotextile is used as
    a filter separator, without a sand blanket. Terram PW1 plays a significant role and
    this is why, it is in so much of demand.

    This may not be sustainable protection in the face of rising sea levels or
    more extreme weather events, but given the value of
    coastline buildings/residences, its worth
    exploring if only as short term or interim measure. In this
    regard I’m reminded of the old saying” a stitch in time saves nine”

    They take away too many years to biodegrade, and more often than not,
    consumers use them only one time. Thankfully, people
    have changed their views, one way or another and have turned to the woven polypropylene
    bags. These have multiple uses a long life. In addition to that, they use much less natural resources like
    oil, and let off increasingly reduced amounts of
    carbon dioxide than a plastic bag does.

    Purchase Energy Star Rated Products & Appliances – The US Environmental Protection Agency’s Energy Star
    program is designed to recognize building materials and appliances that save substantial amounts of energy over other materials within the
    same class or type. Doors, windows, and skylights bearing the blue Energy Star logo will contribute to a much tighter building envelope through the use of double-paned
    glass, warm-edge spacers, and low E-coatings that help reflect heat both inside
    and out. Seal home improvement savings for these products generally pay for themselves over their own lifetimes through reduced utility bills.
    Washers, Dryers, Refrigerators, as well as heating and cooling systems
    and home electronics are all rated by the Energy Star program…
    and the models that make the cut will save you tremendous amounts of energy, water, and money over
    the lifetime of the appliance.

    One type of trenchers is a chain trencher. It has a digging
    chain which is driven around a rounded metal frame or boom
    to cut parts of the ground. To control the depth of
    the cut, the angle of the boom can be adjusted.

    • Preparation of carbon black with required quantity
    of volatile oil

    • Addition of bitumen emulsion with paste followed by stirring
    • After mixing homogenously, the emulsion was laminated on the jute fabrics by brush and dried
    in sunlight or open area at normal temperature and pressure

    Portable trencher are used in landscaping, lawn care and to install utility connections that are not too deep into the ground.
    Lawn care specialists uses portable trencher to install
    irrigation lines and landscapers to install landscape edging.
    This type of trencher is very light compared
    to the rest and is easy to operate. The cutting part of the trencher can be a chain or a blade
    which is similar to a rotary lawn mower blade which rotates in a vertical plane.

    There are geogrid manufacturers, geomembrane
    manufacturers and gabion manufacturers also, who
    are acclaimed in the market for providing quality
    products. They also specialize in providing products that are designed as per
    the specifications provided by the clients. Moreover, they are acknowledged for providing products that perfectly
    comply with the international quality standards in terms of quality
    and performance. For the processing of the products,
    technologically advanced machines in order to ensure manufacturing of the products that are a perfect match to the international
    standards. The features like high durability, tensile
    strength and resistivity to adverse conditions, have also played a vital
    role in the enhancement of the demands of
    the products in the national as well as international market.
    Moreover, the affordable price is also one of the reasons behind
    the same.

    Today it’s very easy for builders and contractors to receive enormous quantities of geotextiles for use in their construction sites.
    However, concerning smaller sized garden spaces, it’s more difficult to
    find small quantities that are reliable and budget
    friendly. Having said that, there is a few suppliers that will provide construction quality geotextiles for personal utilization. You will discover the exact
    tensile and grab power, puncture resistance, and UV resistance which are
    present in higher priced commercial geotextiles, yet in segments that are smaller and much simpler to manage.
    They come in sizes roughly similar to tarps.Jute Geotextiles (JGT) has emerged as
    a strong alternative to synthetic Geotextiles for many civil engineering applications.
    Synthetic Geotextiles being made from non-biodegradable polymer based constituents such as polypropylene,
    polyester or polyethylene, have inherent advantage over natural fibre based biodegradable JGT for long-term applications.

    Due to their short life span, JGTs are used as separator, vegetation growing mesh on slopes or as vertical drains.
    Recently, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI) and Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation (BJMC) have developed some treatment
    techniques for JGTs which may enhance their life up to or even more than twenty years, Table 1.
    Development of such durable JGT materials is likely to allow them to be used in short-term to medium-term soil reinforcement applications, e.g.
    rural roads, construction access roads, flood and road
    embankments etc.

    There are various companies in the manufacturing and supplying of Terram PW1, however you should do a detailed market-research before you point your finger
    on a particular supplier. Many of manufacturers/suppliers have their own websites where they enlist their products
    and services. They also provide you with competitive price-quotes.
    So, it is easy for you to browse as many suppliers as you
    want and compare their offerings. 

    This describes a geofabric which is constructed by means of two (sometimes more) sets of thread, similar to the warp and weft of normal
    weaving, which interlocks at a 900 angle.

    The thread can be constructed by one or more than one filaments or tape.

    Cucumbers are also an excellent choice. They are prolific producers to
    be harvested green. Don’t worry if it is the end
    of the season and you have some small cucumbers because they are good in any size.
    Just keep in mind that cucumbers are best used
    right away if sliced, but you can always store them in the fridge to be
    used later.

    Nonwoven fabrics are defined as sheet or a structure like a
    web made by bonding together different types of materials and other chemicals.

    Carbon is one of the main intergradient of
    fabrics. Fabrics are made in the form of flat porous sheets in desired
    colors and in demanded quantity. These fabrics are recyclable easily, infect in the production of Nonwoven fabrics there is always a specific percentage of recycled materials are used to
    make these fabrics stronger and more durable.

    When cutting in the fitment of your stones you will need a high
    power cutoff saw or brick saw with a diamond blade to cut shapes and curves into
    the pavers to fit the installation. If you’re doing this part yourself, it’s critically important to stay consistent with the cuts in your design. Because of the interlocking factor of
    the bricks, inconsistent trimming could cause a lopsided fit
    or flaw in the overall design. If you’ve gotten this far,
    it is imperative that you take your time to make it look

    * Geotextile – This is a woven or non woven permeable sheet and needle punch made from polypropylene and polyester.
    This can be used as a barrier between the soil and loose mulch
    in order to diminish perennial weeds.

    Erosion control can sometimes involve using something
    called a “riprap”, which is when non-porous objects are used to
    slow down the velocity of waterflow. Common objects are large stones or
    concrete slabs. This reduces the chance of damaging the
    land. When a riprap is constructed, there are usually different particle
    sizes of material used.
    To help keep them separated and in place, woven geotextiles
    can be placed between the different layers.
    This will help control the flow of water and reduce the chance of erosion of
    not only the surrounding soil, but the different parts and layers of
    the riprap.

    During this process, you would need to apply an effective system for sediment control.
    This is meant to minimize erosion during the period in which the landscape site is not yet
    adequately stabilized. Fortunately, there exist various methods
    for sediment control, which include

    A trench is a type of excavation in the ground. Trenches are used in agriculture, military, archaeology, geology and infrastructure.
    In agriculture, trenches are used as a mean to transport water, draining of water and irrigation. Trenches are used in archaeology to allow
    archaeologists in finding materials in chronological order.
    In civil engineering, trenches are used to search for pipes and
    other underground constructions.

    Nonwoven fabrics are being used in daily life at a
    very large quantity and due to this have
    a large production. These nonwoven shopping bags may also have a durable lifetime depending upon its quality and materials used in production. These fabrics are also being
    used at such a large quantity because these hand
    bags are less expensive as compared to leather bags and other materials.
    Nonwoven bags have made its value and reputation because they are
    provided by the companies and shops for free and are also made its value due to its easy to use
    characteristics. Use of nonwoven bags is increasing also because they can bear more pressure and heat as compared to other types of bags made
    by some other plastics.Garden mulch can enhance the look of your garden and help keep your
    garden healthy. Placing mulch in your garden can also save you time by decreasing the need for
    watering, applying herbicides and pulling weeds.
    A healthy vegetable and fruit garden always begins with healthy soil.

    Healthy soil can be accomplished through mulching.

    Woven geotextiles are used in a great deal
    in landscaping projects. These serve as permanent barriers against any unwanted
    vegetation from sprouting up in places where they are not wanted.

    These barriers are commonly placed three to six inches below the surface.
    Top soil is placed over the top and the ordimental

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